Italian – a.m. ligustica

Apis Mellifera Ligustica

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ANATOMIC QUALITIES:

A.M. Ligustica bees are assessed on the basis of racial pat tern in which all characteristic values of particular races are listed.

These research are conducted by The Institute of Gardening and The Institute of Beekeeping in Puławy. The samples of bees are tested in scope of:

  • Racial identity of the bee population that occur in Poland. These research are based on measuring particular morphometrical values that are measured by many advanced computer techniques.

  • Morphometrical models of Italian, Caucasian, Carniolan, Central-European were formulated. Thanks to these models, it is possible to identify racial belongingness of preselected bee population in Polish breeding apiaries.

In addition, there are many research that are conducted in apiaries in order to identify the race belongingness. They are based on careful descriptions and selection of worker bees that are typical for particular race or breeding lines.

Qualities that are taken into consideration:

  • honey making,

  • particular behaviour that suggests calmness or aggressive attitude,

  • colony development through the whole season,

  • swarming tendencies,

  • overwintering and resistance to illnesses,

  • level of varroa mites invasion, based on self-cleaning ability.

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The length of tongue: 6,3-6,8mm. The length of tongue is a very important aspect since it allows bees to gather nectar from inflorescences that are unavailable for other races (with shorter tongue). It does not concern Caucasica bees since their tongue is thought to be the longest.

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OCCURRENCE AND USABLE QUALITIES:

Nowadays, intensive bees breeding is based on bees of prominent qualities. Italian (A.M.LIGUSTICA) bees have many positive qualities. Thanks to these qualities, Italian bees are spread all over Europe, Australia and America.

swiat-i-ligusticadzierzon Jan Dzierżon (16th June 1881- 26th October 1906) is thought to be the father of present-day beekeeping. He devoted 70 years of his life for his beekeeping passion. Mr. Dzierżon discovered that bees reproduction process is based on parthenogenesis. He is believed to be a revolutionary character within the scope of bees breeding. He spread A.M. Ligustica all over the world

 

 

 

 

 

 

As it was previously mentioned A.M. Ligustica bees posses a lot of positive qualities that make then indispensable. These are:

  • easy adaptation to various climate conditions,

  • early and intensive development in the spring that guarantees early gathering of nectar and pollen,

  • very prolific queen bees- bees form very large and strong colonies,

  • low smarming tendencies that are describes as non-swarming ones. It allows to keep your bee colonies strong for the whole season,

  • bees willingly build new plasters to the middle of August,

  • they easily and quickly pass onto supers,

  • bees keep cleanliness in hive simultaneously eliminating pathogenic factors,

  • even during low bee pastures, queens lay eggs very intensively,

  • during medium and high bee pastures, bees gather huge amount of nectar which is then processed to honey,

  • as bees form strong and large colonies, during the winter they need more feed,

  • development in the spring is very intensive since the high quantity of overwintered bees,

  • bees gather huge quantities of feed when using excluders ( up to 400kg – Australian record of honey gathering),

  • the length of tongue allows bees to gather sources from (Lat. Trifolium pretense),

  • bees gather honeydew,

  • they are irreplaceable in goldenrod and heather pastures,

  • A.M. Ligustica drones are ideal for racial crossbreeding . This positively affects honey –making process and health of bee colonies. It is advisable to crossbreed A.M. Ligustica with A.M. Caucasica.

Just like each race, A.M. Ligustica has some disadvantages:

  • A.M. Ligustica bees require high capacity bee boxes,

  • bees require constant medium and high pastures, however, during low pastures they develop very intensively and can be used for wax making or creating nucs,

  • Bees are not adapted to keep them in pavilions.

We personally dedicate A.M. Ligustica for beekeepers who know how to use excluders properly in order to take advantage of superior qualities of A.M. Ligustica.

A.M. Ligustica “Regine” Quenn Bees.